A drive to Ruhengeri from Kigali is just 3 hours by … [10] Facilities Virunga Lodge has a new Spa and a Map Room to learn about Dian Fossey, her life, work and the local region. As the premier luxury destination for tracking the endangered mountain gorillas in Rwanda, Virunga Lodge offers guests unparalleled panoramas, beautiful accommodations, and personalized service. Originally called Parc Albert, it was renamed Virunga in 1969. About half the mountain gorillas—now estimated to be more than 1000—are in Virunga. [39] Okapi (Okapia johnstoni), blue duiker (Philantomba monticola), bay duiker (Cephalophus dorsalis), Weyns's duiker (C. weynsi), yellow-backed duiker (C. silvicultor), water chevrotain (Hyemoschus aquaticus), red river hog (Potamochoerus porcus), aardvark (Orycteropus afer) and bongo (Tragelaphus eurycerus) were recorded in the northern sector in 2008. In 1969, the two parks were merged under the name Virunga National Park, which was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. [8][9], In the early 1920s, several proponents of the European conservation movement championed the idea of creating a protected area in northeastern Belgian Congo, among them Victor van Straelen, Jean Massart and Jean-Marie Derscheid. [12][14] Between the late 1930s and 1955, an estimated 85,000 Rwandophone people were moved to nearby Masisi in North Kivu. Several were observed at the northern shore of Lake Edwards in 1988 for the first time. It was created in 1925 and is among the first protected areas in Africa. Mt Karisimbi 4,507m is a dormant volcano along the borderline with DR Congo.It is the tallest of the Virunga volcanoes and eleveneeth highest ground on the Africa continent. [34], On 24 April 2020, at least 12 park rangers were killed by militiamen attacking a civilian convoy. When you arrive at the hotel you'll be warmly welcomed by the staff with drinks and made to feel right at home in the intimate setting. Twelve rangers and five other people were killed in Virunga National Park in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo on Friday. It is an early start for gorilla tracking in Parc National des Volcans, through the enchanting bamboo forest on the slopes of the Virunga range of volcanoes. In the course of increasing tensions, the park's chief warden, Emmanuel de Mérode, was assailed in April 2014. It is home to five of the eight volcanoes of the Virunga … [49][50], Mammals photographed in Virunga National Park, African bush elephant and African buffaloes, Settlements at the edge of the Nyiragongo crater, Ethnic groups in and around Virunga National Park, Institut Congolais pour la Conservation de la Nature, Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda, National Congress for the Defence of the People, List of birds of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Deforestation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Centre National d'Appui au Développement et à la Participation populaire, Tourism in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, "Virunga National Park Sees Its Worst Violence in a Decade, Director Says", "Twelve rangers killed in latest Virunga Park incident", "Contribution à l'histoire jusque 1934 de la création de l'Institut des parcs nationaux du Congo belge", "Conserving biodiversity in the Democratic Republic of Congo: a brief history, current trends and insights for the future", "The urgency of international intervention for the preservation of the mountain gorilla", "Conserving forest biodiversity in times of violent conflict", "Beyond Contesting Limits: Land, Access, and Resistance at the Virunga National Park", "Sustainable development at natural World Heritage sites in Africa", "Engaging World Heritage to drive sustainable development in Africa: next steps", "Transboundary collaboration in the Greater Virunga Landscape: From gorilla conservation to conflict-sensitive transboundary landscape management", "The counterinsurgency/conservation nexus: guerrilla livelihoods and the dynamics of conflict and violence in the Virunga National Park, Democratic Republic of the Congo", "Six Virunga park rangers killed in DRC wildlife sanctuary", "In memoriam: deadliest attack on Virunga staff in Park's recent history brings total ranger deaths to 175", "Congo's Virunga park reopens eight months after deadly ambush", "Rangers killed in 'deadliest' DR Congo park attack", "Six park rangers killed in DR Congo's Virunga gorilla reserve", "Six Virunga park rangers killed in eastern Congo ambush", "On the germination of seeds in the dung balls of the African elephant in the Virunga National Park", "Behavioural adaptations to water scarcity in Tongo chimpanzees", "L'apparition des crocodiles au lac ex-Edouard, Parc National des Virunga, Zaïre", "Netflix's 'Virunga' uncovers Congo's fight to protect resources", "Virunga National Park - UNESCO World Heritage List", "Important Bird Areas factsheet: Virunga National Park", "Interview With Emmanuel de Merode, Director of Virunga National Park – National Geographic Blog", "Inside the Fight to Save a Dangerous Park", "Oil Dispute Takes a Page From Congo's Bloody Past", National Parks of the Democratic Republic of Congo, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Virunga_National_Park&oldid=1000058032, National parks of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ramsar sites in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, World Heritage Sites in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nature conservation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 10:04. … Other ungulates present include Ugandan kob (Kobus kob thomasi), waterbuck (K. ellipsiprymnus), topi (Damaliscus lunatus jimela) and common warthog (Phacochoerus africanus). The gorillas attract around 20,000 tourists each year and people booking tours directly and indirectly helps fund the conservation and protection of their home. Between the early 1930s and 1961, several expeditions to Albert National Park were carried out by Belgian scientists, the second headed by Gaston-François de Witte. [38] Several armed rebel groups operate in the park, including Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda and National Congress for the Defence of the People. The national park is known as a haven for the mountain gorilla. From north to south it extends about 300 km (190 mi), largely along the international borders with Volcanoes National Park is a national park in northwestern Rwanda.It covers 160 km 2 (62 sq mi) of rainforest and encompasses five of the eight volcanoes in the Virunga Mountains, namely Karisimbi, Bisoke, Muhabura, Gahinga and Sabyinyo.It borders Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Mgahinga Gorilla … Following international protests, the company stopped exploring activities and consented to refrain from starting similar operations in the vicinity of World Heritage sites. Virunga Lodge sits atop one of the broad, terraced, hillocks of the Volcanoes National Park, Surrounded on all sides by the towering Virunga Mountains and their forested slopes. Contact one of our safari specialists to combine your adventure in the Virunga National Park with a visit to Rwanda, Kenya or even the beaches of Zanzibar! Show your support by donating or fundraising on behalf of Virunga. [15], In 1934, the Institut des Parcs Nationaux du Congo Belge was founded as the governing body for national parks in the Belgian Congo. When Albert National Park was established in April 1925 as Africa's first national park, it was conceived as a science-oriented nature reserve with the aim of studying and preserving wildlife and so-called ‘primitive’ hunter-gatherer African Pygmies. As a consequence, the park remained closed to visitors from June 2018[33] until February 2019. Wear your support, with ethically produced Virunga apparel. [7] Kigali, Parc de National Virunga, Rwanda S'étendant sur 790 000 ha, le parc des Virunga présente une diversité d'habitats incomparable, allant des marécages et des steppes jusqu'aux neiges éternelles du Rwenzori, à plus de 5 000 m d'altitude, en passant par les plaines de lave et les savanes sur les pentes des volcans. This trip is a fascinating insight into Rwanda giving you the opportunity to learn about the country's culture and history, take part in community workshops, interact with the local people, enjoy sports activities and spend the nights in a tent at Virunga Community Program campsite. [2], Since the early 1990s, the protected area was impacted by political turmoil in the African Great Lakes region. Virunga National Park, Africa’s most biodiverse protected area, exists to protect 1/3 of the world’s wild mountain gorillas, over one thousand species of mammal, bird, reptile and amphibian, and provide a brighter future to more than four million people affected by conflict. They generate income by levying fees from local people for protecting prohibited activities inside the national park like poaching and clandestine fishing, logging, producing and smuggling charcoal, but also through armed robberies and kidnapping. African alpine bamboo (Yushania alpina) grows at altitudes of 2,300–2,600 m (7,500–8,500 ft). The latter organisation is responsible for park management since 2010; about 80% of management costs are subsidised by the EC. [36][37], Virunga National Park is located in the Congo − Nile watershed area. Over 700 male and female Congolese rangers make up a paramilitary organization protecting the park, its wildlife, the park staff and … Parc National des Volcans is part of the Virunga Conservation Area that straddles the borders of Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Senecio and Lobelia species grow on vast clearings and attain heights of up to 8 m (26 ft). A narrow corridor of 3–5 km (1.9–3.1 mi) width along the lake's western bank connects the northern and southern sectors of the national park. After a gentle climb of between one and three hours, you will spend one hour in the company of these gentle apes before returning to base in … [4] … Your adoption will help care for the orphan gorillas of Senkwekwe as well as the wild mountain gorillas that call Virunga their home. Parc National des Volcans is a 40-minute drive from Virunga Lodge, but the road has recently been resurfaced and the view along the way offers glimpses into real Rwanda. In 1926, Derscheid headed the first Belgian mission to cartograph Albert National Park, which encompassed an area of 500 km2 (190 sq mi) around the extinct volcanoes Mount Karisimbi and Mount Mikeno. [8] They were subsequently released unharmed. [21], Land laws were reformed in the 1960s after Belgian Congo became independent as the Republic of the Congo, and the land declared property of the state, much to the disadvantage of local people. Get your Gorilla safari vacation packet stuffed full of information about Congo national park and from our vacation partners and reliable safari companies in congo. Virunga’s National Park is Africa’s oldest National Park and the continent’s most biologically diverse protected areas. [43], The Semliki River provides habitat for Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus). [20], In the late 1950s, encroaching Tutsi herders and their cattle destroyed natural habitat inside the park up to an altitude of 3,000 m (9,800 ft), threatening the food base of the park's gorillas. The vegetation above 2,600 m (8,500 ft) is subalpine with foremost African redwood (Hagenia abyssinica) growing up to 3,000 m (9,800 ft). In 1996, the national park was enlisted as a Ramsar site of international importance. [5] [32] March to mid May and September to November are the main rainy seasons. Volcanoes National Park (French: Parc National des Volcans) lies in northwestern Rwanda and borders Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Mgahinga Gorilla National Park in Uganda. [24][25][26][27], By 2016, four hydropower dams were constructed that provide electricity to small businesses and benefit more than 200,000 rural people. [35], Again on 10 January 2021, armed men killed at least six rangers and wounded several others in an ambush in the national park. Up to 40,000 people entered the park daily in search of firewood and food, and deforested huge areas. The other half are in Uganda’s Bwindi and Mgahinga parks and Rwanda’s Parc National des Volcans. There are not so many Mountain gorillas in Virunga National Park despite the large size of … Starting from US$ 5,393 per person sharing. Government officials supported exploration activities by Soco International mission members, whereas park management opposed. Its initial size of 2,920.98 km2 (1,127.80 sq mi) was enlarged step by step in subsequent years. [22] Harnessed bushbuck (T. scriptus) and giant forest hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni) are present in the southern sector. [44] The northern sector receives a monthly mean precipitation of up to 220 mm (8.7 in), and the southern sector of up to 160 mm (6.3 in). Remains of dicots such as African caper (Capparis tomentosa), Maerua species, wild cucurbits and nightshades were found in dung balls of African elephants (Loxodonta) that play a significant role for seed dispersal in the grasslands. In 2010, the United Nations Security Council estimated that the charcoal trade represents an annual value of US$28–30 million. Virunga National Park is a national park in the Albertine Rift Valley in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. [2] [2], The northern sector of Virunga National Park is contiguous with Uganda's Semuliki and Rwenzori Mountains National Parks, and the central sector with Queen Elizabeth National Park. [5] About 850,000 refugees lived around the national park in 1994. [4] In elevation, it ranges from 680 m (2,230 ft) in the Semliki River valley to 5,109 m (16,762 ft) in the Rwenzori Mountains. [2], In 2005, the European Commission (EC) recommended a public-private partnership between the country's government and the British non-governmental organisation African Conservation Fund. For many years Rwanda‘s flagship luxury eco-lodge, and located in north-west Rwanda, in the Parc des National Volcans, on a bluff overlooking lakes Burera and Ruhondo, Virunga Lodge is the recipient of outstanding reviews.Both the industry … More than 3,000 faunal and floral species have been recorded, of which more than 300 are endemic to the Albertine Rift including eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei) and golden monkey (Cercopithecus kandti). Mountain gorilla trekking; Note that Virunga massif that extends into Rwanda and Uganda is the only habitat for Mountain gorillas on earth.Mountain gorilla trekking safaris to Virunga are the most popular of tourism activities in DR Congo. Its northern sector encompasses part of the Semliki River basin, as well as savanna and montane forest of the Albertine Rift. While in the 1980’s, mountain gorillas populations were at the verge of extinction, gorilla trekking is a … Vers 1880, cependant, la majorité de la population a quitté la région à cause d'une épidémie de peste bovine et de la maladie du sommeil . Where: South west Rwanda The last 20 years, the park has endured an almost uninterrupted series of challenges. [28], After the Second Congo War was over, confrontations between park personnel and rebel groups continued; 80 park staff were killed between 1996 and 2003. Historiquement avant la création du parc les abords du lac Edouard étaient habités. Africa’s most biodiverse protected area. Latter controlled the Mikeno sector of Virunga National Park between December 2006 and January 2009. Rare mountain gorillas and golden monkeys reside on the slopes of Rwanda’s Virungas, just a 3 hour drive from Kigali International Airport. [29] They studied and collected zoological specimens of wildlife for the Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique;[16][17] explored the ethnic groups in this area;[18] studied volcanic activity,[19] and fossils. [31] Since beginning of the armed conflict, armed groups killed 175 park rangers until April 2018. Situated in a region which has been deeply impacted by the effects of war and armed conflict for over 20 years, Virunga is currently protected by a … The magnificent Virunga Lodge, celebrating its 15th anniversary in 2019, is the luxury gorilla experience in Rwanda and one of Africa’s finest and most renowned lodges. [22] In 1994, Virunga National Park was entered into the List of World Heritage in Danger. [2] Wild Animals Mgahinga National park is home to over 39 mammal species including more than 10 primate species and the stars of the show are the endangered mountain gorillas and the rare golden … Generosity and advocacy underpin everything we do. O/N Virunga Lodge (L,D) Day 2. You can make a difference by joining our community of dedicated individuals who aim to protect Africa’s oldest national park and bring peace and prosperity for the four million people who depend on it. [23], In 2011, the British company Soco International was granted a concession for extracting crude oil in the surroundings of and in large parts of the national park. Clashes also occur between park personnel and Mai-Mai militias in illegal settlements. [41], The montane forest between 1,800 and 2,800 m (5,900 and 9,200 ft) in the southern sector is dominated by Ficalhoa laurifolia and Podocarpus milanjianus with up to 25 m (82 ft) high trees. 1969: Revised by Decree 69-041 as Virunga National Park, excluding a part which became the Parc National des Volcans in Rwanda; 1994+: Listed as endangered because of invasion by great numbers of war refugees, unauthorised armed militia and settlers, with subsequent massive poaching, illegal fishing, deforestation and … Parc national des Virunga. To start planning your tailor-made holiday, call us on 020 3141 2810. ... Gorilla tracking in Parc National des Volcans (PNV) Golden monkey tracking in Parc … [14] [11], Virunga National Park's faunal species include 196 mammals, 706 bird species, 109 reptiles and 65 amphibians as of 2012. It covers an area of 8,090 km2 (3,120 sq mi) and is listed in the List of World Heritage in Danger since 1994. Virunga is the continent’s most biologically diverse protected area and a national park embarking on an ambitious development programme known as the “Virunga Alliance”. Average temperatures in lower altitudes vary from 23–28 Â°C (73–82 Â°F), and in higher altitudes from 16–24 Â°C (61–75 Â°F), rarely dropping below 14 Â°C (57 Â°F). The park is the oldest national park in Africa which is a home to mountain gorillas in Africa. In the Democratic Republic of Congo, you find the Virunga National Park, Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda and Mgahinga Gorilla National Park in Uganda. [46], Of the Albertine Rift's endemic birds, Rwenzori turaco, Rwenzori batis, Archer's ground robin, red-throated alethe, Kivu ground thrush, collared apalis, mountain masked apalis, dusky crimson-wing, Shelley's crimsonwing, red-faced woodland warbler, stripe-breasted tit, blue-headed sunbird, regal sunbird, Rwenzori double-collared sunbird, handsome spurfowl and strange weaver were recorded in Virunga National Park's southern sector during surveys in 2004. [5], Two active volcanoes are located in the park, Mount Nyiragongo and Nyamuragira. Mean monthly rainfall in the savanna around Lake Edward is 30–40 mm (1.2–1.6 in); this is the driest part of the landscape. Hiking to the white capped summit of Mt Karisimbi is a 2-day exciting activity that involves encounters with beautiful land features, unique alpine and … [7][17][42][43], African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana), hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) and African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) inhabit the national park's central sector. Very relaxed and comfortable, Volcanoes Virunga Lodge offers superb adventure hikes to local villages and mountain gorilla tracking.

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